When you look at it, but I still can see a beautiful woman, which further constraints satisfied. Probably behind it two children and her textbook comfortable marriage of The Cars singer continues (for these days already impressive) for twenty-two years. Journalists always nicknamed them the \"Beauty and the Beast\", but Paulina describes her husband as a combination of Star Trek's Mr.Spock, David Bowie, Jesus Christ, and Chopin. Lucky wife!
Akech B. loved to study and dreamed of becoming a nurse. Butwhen she was 14, her uncle who was raising her, told her she was too old forschool. He forced her to leave school and told her that she had to marry a manwhom Akech described as old, gray-haired, and married to another woman withwhom he had several children.
This report is based on research conducted between March andOctober 2012 in Western Equatoria State, Central Equatoria State, and JongleiState. Human Rights Watch researchers interviewed 87 girls and women. Somegirls and women were unsure about their age, but most girls and women weinterviewed were with girls and women who were married as children, under theage of 18.
As a result of decades of civil war, most adults andchildren in South Sudan have not attended school. The 2008 Child Act and TransitionalConstitution (articles 14 and 29) provide for the right to free and compulsory primaryeducation. South Sudan has an Alternative Education System that offers individuals,including pregnant girls and mothers, who have not had access to formaleducation, the opportunity to go to school. In 2011, closeto 70,000 female learners participated in this scheme.The Child Act also explicitly states that no girl can be expelled from schooldue to pregnancy and young mothers must be allowed to continue their education(article 26.3).
The Police Service, with support from various UN agencies,has developed Special Protection Units (SPUs). These specialized units, whichare situated at police stations, are staffed by officers trained to investigateand prosecute cases involving women and children, and to ensure provision oflegal aid, protection, medical care, and psychosocial support. The utility ofthese units has been undermined by a shortage of trained personnel and by thetransfer of trained officers to police stations without SPUs. They currentlyremain largely ineffective and unavailable outside of major urban centers.
Generally, child marriage involves the imposition of alife-long partner on children. Child marriage is also considered forcedmarriage since children are not legally capable of giving free, full, andinformed consent to marriage.
In terms of international law, older children have the rightto participate in decisions about whom and when they marry as soon they havethe maturity to understand the implications of their decisions.
A midwife at a government hospital told Human Rights Watchthat it was difficult to offer family planning services to women because manyhusbands want their wives to continue having children. She told us,
Young married girls also have limitedability to make decisions about their health and that of their children. They arerelatively powerless in their families, and often lack the autonomy,information, and economic means to access contraception and other reproductivehealth care. Violence and discrimination in the home may also limit theiruptake of reproductive and sexual health services, even in cases of emergency.
As discussed, young marriedgirls may suffer social isolation and restricted freedom of movement. They mayhave few options to socialize and participate in public life, and experiencefeelings of worthlessness, depression, and suicidal thoughts.  They areexpected to take on household chores and care for children and families whilethemselves children. They are denied access to education, and often lacksupport when faced with marital problems.
Fifteen-year-old Rachel B. loved to study. When Human Rights Watch interviewed her in March 2012 she was attending school. But she told us her dream of getting a good education began to fade in 2011 when her parents decided to marry her to a man who was about 40 years old and already had a wife and children:
Rachel took the advice of one of her friends and sought help from the Human Rights Commission (HRC). The HRC sent her to a center for vulnerable children managed by the Central Equatoria State Ministry of Social Development where she stayed for two weeks. She was then told to return home to her family. In March 2012, when Human Rights Watch first interviewed her, she was living at home, under constant threat, and desperate to continue her education. She told us:
While these articles can be read together to prohibit childmarriage and sanction those who force their children to marry, there is a need forclearer and more direct legislation, or at least for the judiciary to clarifyhow these provisions should be applied through judicial opinions or circulars.
To protect children from the harmful practice of early andforced marriages, the government of South Sudan has an obligation to enforce aconsistent definition of a child and a minimum age of marriage in all judicialand customary laws and practices. It also has a duty to ensure that all birthsand marriages are registered by a competent authority.
The CRC requires that states parties protect children fromphysical, mental, and sexual abuse or exploitation through legislation andother social and educational measures. The obligation to protect children fromviolence includes protection from parents or other caregivers.Article 34 of the CRC clearly delineates the obligation of states to protectchildren from sexual exploitation and abuse.
The report says that in 41 countries, 27 of them insub-Saharan Africa (SSA), 30 percent or more of women aged 20 to 24 weremarried or in union when they were still children. Itnotes that there has been little change in rates of global child marriagethough some countries have made notable progress, andthat 142 million girls worldwide will be married in the next decade (during theperiod 2011-2020) if current trends continue.
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